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Filipino Doctors in KSA » editor's pick » Arabic medicine vocabulary

Arabic medicine vocabulary

English Standard Arabic Transliteration Egyptian Arabic Transliteration
medicine ????? aT-Tibb
???? (?) ?????? 3aqqaar (pl.) 3aqaaqiir
nursing ??????? at-tamriiD
doctor ???? (?) ????? Tabiib (pl.) aTibbaa’ ????? (?) ????? doktoor (pl.) dakatra
dentist ???? ??????? Tabiib al-asnaan ????? ?????? doktoor is-sinaan
surgeon ????? (?) ??????? jarraaH (pl.) jarraaHuun garraaH (pl.) garraaHiin
nurse ????? (?) ??????? mumarriD (pl.) mumarriDuun mumarriD (pl.) mumarriDiin
patient ???? (?) ???? mariiD (pl.) marDa
hospital ?????? (?) ???????? mustašfa (pl.) mustašfayaat
clinic ????? (?) ?????? 3iyaada (pl.) 3iyaadaat
pharmacy ?????? (?) ??????? Saidaliyya (pl.) Saidaliyyaat
ambulance ????? (?) ??????? is3aaf (pl.) is3aafaat

disease ??? (?) ????? maraD (pl.) amraaD
chronic ???? muzmin
infectious ???? saari
contagious ??? mu3d
infection ???? 3adwa
parasite ????? (?) ??????? Tufaili (pl.) Tufailiyaat
cancer ??? ??????? maraD as-saraTaan
diabetes ??? ?????? maraD as-sukkar
arthritis ?????? ?????? at-tihaab al-mafSil ?????? ?? ??????? it-tihaab fil mafaaSil
asthma ??? rabw ???? azma
AIDS ?????? (??? ??????? ????????) al-aidz (naqS al-manaa3a al-muktasaba)
heart attack ???? ????? azma qalbiyya
coma ?????? ?aibuuba
clot ???? (?) ????? jalTa (pl.) jalaTaat galTa (pl.) galaTaat
stroke ???? ?????? jalTa dimaa?iyya ???? ?? ???? galTa fil-moxx
bird flu ???????? ?????? influenza aT-Tuyuur
allergy (to) ??????? ?? Hassaasiyya min
cold ????? baarida ??? bard
??? ???? rašH zukaam
sore throat ?????? ?? ????? it-tihaab fiz-zoor ?????? ?? ??????? it-tihaab fil Hangara
appendicitis ?????? ??????? ??????? at-tihaab az-zaa’ida ad-duudiya
bronchitis ?????? ????? ???????? at-tihaab aš-šu3b al-hawaa’iyya ???? ????? | ????? nazla Sadriyya/ šu3abiyya
hypertension ?????? ??? ???? irtifaa3 Da?T ad-damm ??? ?? ???? Da?T damm 3aali
arteosclerosis ???? ???????? taSallub aš-šaraayiin taSallub iš-šarayiin
cirrhosis ???? talayyuf
autism ???? tawaHHud
chicken pox ????? ????? judiiri al-maa’ ????? gudiiri
leprosy ???? judaam gudaam?
kidney stone ???? (?) ????? ????? HaSwa (pl.) HaSayaat al-kulya ???? (?) ????? ???? HaSwa (pl.) HaSaawi kilwa
meningitis ????? ??????? al-Humma aš-šawkiyya
tuberculosis ??? daran ?? sull
leukemia ????? ???? saraTaan ad-damm
epilepsy ??? Sara3
osteoporosis ????? ?????? hašaašat al-3iZaam

symptom ??? (?) ????? 3araD (pl.) a3raaD
headache ???? Sudaa3 SuDaa3
insomnia ??? araq ara’ ??
heartburn ????? HumuuDa
diarrhea ????? ishaal
constipation ????? imsaak
indigestion ??? ??? 3usr haDm
???? ????? suu’ al-haDm
bruise ???? (?) ????? kadma (pl.) kadamaat
burn ??? (?) ???? Harq (pl.) Huruuq Har’ (pl.) Huruu’
sunburn ??? ????? Harq aš-šams ??? ?? ????? Har’ min iš-šams
laceration ????? tamazzuq tamazzu’
scratch, graze ??? (?) ???? xadš (pl.) xuduuš
cut ??? (?) ???? qaT3 (pl.) quTuu3 ‘aT3 (pl.) ‘uTuu3
wound ??? (?) ???? jarH (pl.) juruuH garH (pl.) guruuH
boil ???? (?) ????? dummal (pl.) damaamil dimmil (pl.) damaamil
swelling; tumor ??? (?) ????? waram (pl.) awraam
inflammation; infection ???? tihaab
dizziness ???? dawxa
vomiting ?? | ????? qay’/taqayyu’ ???? Turaaš
nausea ????? ?atayaan ?atayaan?
shock ???? (?) ????? Sadma (pl.) Sadamaat
temperature ???? ??????? darajat al-Haraara dargit Haraara
fever ???? (?) ?????? Humma (pl.) Hummayaat Humma (pl.) Hummiyyaat
degree ???? (?) ????? daraja (pl.) darajaat daraga (pl.) daragaat
broken (arm) (????) ????? (diraa3) maksuur (????) ????? diraa3 maksuur
benign (in reference to tumors etc.) ?? ????? ?????? min an-naw3 al-Hamiid ????? Hamiidi
malignant (in reference to tumors etc.) ?? ????? ?????? min an-naw3 al-xabiit ???? xabiis

thermometer ????? (?) ?????? ??????? miqyaas (pl.) maqaayiis al-Haraara ???? ????? mizaan Haraara
?????? (?) ???????? tirmumitr (pl.) tirmumitraat
stethoscope ?????? (?) ??????? sammaa3a (pl.) sammaa3aat ??
X-ray ????? (???) aši33a/aši33at iks
blood pressure ??? ???? Da?T ad-damm
medicine, medication ???? (?) ????? dawaa’ (pl.) adwiya ??? (?) ????? dawa (pl.) adwiya
pill ??? (?) ????? qurS (pl.) aqraaS ???? (?) ????? | ???? Habba (pl.) Habbaat/ Hubuub
tablet ??? (?) ????? qurS (pl.) aqraaS ?????? (?) ????? buršaama (pl.) buršaam
syrup ???? (?) ????? šaraab (pl.) ašriba ??? ??? dawa šurb
ointment ???? (?) ????? marham (pl.) maraahim
???? (?) ????? dihaan (pl.) adhina ???? (?) ?????? dihaan (pl.) dihaanaat
vaccine ???? laqaaH ????? taT3iim
bandage, dressing ???? Dimaad ???? (?) ????? rubaaT (pl.) arbiTa
band-aid ?????? plastar
cast, splint ????? (?) ????? jabiira (pl.) jabaa’ir ????? (?) ????? gibiira (p.) gabaayir
crutch ???? (?) ?????? 3ukkaaz (pl.) 3ukkaazaat
disinfectant ????? (?) ??????? muTahhir (pl.) muTahhiraat
anesthesia ????? taxdiir ??? bing

operation ????? (?) ?????? 3amaliyya (pl.) 3amaliyyaat
surgery ????? jiraaHa giraaHa
amputation ??? batr
autopsy ????? tašriiH
abortion ????? ijhaaD ighaaD
hysterectomy ??????? ????? isti’Saal ar-raHim
(heart) transplant ??? (?????) zar3 (al-qalb) zar3 il-‘alb
chemotherapy ???? ??????? 3ilaaj kiimiyaa’i 3ilaag kiimiyaa’i?
plastic surgery ????? ????? 3amaliyyat tajmiil 3amaliyyit tagmiil
liposuction ????? ??? ?????? 3amaliyat shufT ad-duhuun

health ??? SiHHa
sick, ill ???? (?) ???? mariid (pl.) marDa
???? 3ayyaan
healthy, sound ???? (?) ????? saliim (pl.) sulamaa’
weak ???? (?) ????? Da3iif (pl.) Du3afaa’ Da3iif (pl.) Du3afa
strong ??? (?) ?????? qawi (pl.) aqwiyaa’ ‘awi (pl.) a’wiya
blind ???? – ????? (?) ??? a3ma (masc.) – 3amyaa’ (fem.) (pl.) 3umy ???? – ???? (?) ????? a3ma (masc.) – 3amya (fem.) (pl.) 3imyaan
???? kafiif ???? (?) ????? kafiif (pl.) kufafa
deaf ???? | ????? (?) ??? aTraš (masc.) – Taršaa’ (fem.) (pl.) Turš aTraš (masc.) – Tarša (fem.) (pl.) Turš
paralyzed ????? mašluul
handicapped ???? ma3uuq
disabled ???? mal?i
mentally disabled ?????? ????? mutaxallif 3aqliyyan

to scratch (as in injure) ??? – ???? (???) xadaša – yaxdišu (xadš) xadaš – yixdiš (xadš)
to scratch (ex. a mosquito bite) ??? – ???? (???) Haraša – yaHriš (Harš) Haraš – yiHruš (Harš)
to sting, bite ??? – ???? (???) qaraSa – yaqruSu (qarS) ‘araS – yi’ruS (‘arS)
sting, bite ???? (?) ????? qarSa (pl.) qaraSaat ‘arSa (pl.) ‘araSaat
to bite ??? – ???? (???) 3aDDa – ya3aDDu (3aDD) 3aDD – yi3uDD (3aDD)
to bleed ??? – ???? (??? | ????) nazafa – yanzifu (nazf/naziif) nazaf – yinzif (nazf/naziif)
to feel (ex. pain, an emotion) ??? – ???? (????) ?? ša3ara – yaš3ura (šu3uur) bi ??? – ???? ?? Hass – yiHess bi
to hurt (cause pain) ??? – ???? (???) waji3a – yawja3u (waja3) waga3 – yiwga3 (waga3)
to hurt (be in pain) ??? – ???? (???) alima – ya’lamu (alam) ‘alim – ya’lim (‘alam)
to throb (in pain) ??? – ???? (???) na’aH – yin’aH (na’H)
to be injured, hurt ?????? – ?????? (?????) it3awwar – yit3awwar (ta3wiir)
pain ??? (?) ????? waja3 (pl.) awjaa3 waga3 (pl.) awgaa3
??? (?) ???? alam (pl.) aalaam
to bruise ??? – ???? (???) kadama – yakdimu (kadm) kadam – yikdim (kadm)
to swell ??? – ??? (???) warima – yarimu (waram) wirim – yiram (waram)
to break (s.t.) ???? – ????? (?????) kassara – yukassiru (taksiir) kassar – yikassar (taksiir)
to sprain ??? – ???? (???) lawa – yalwi (luwiiy) lawa – yilwi (lawi)
??? – ???? (???) gaza3 – yigza3 (gaz3)
to sneeze ??? – ???? (??? | ????) 3aTasa – ya3Tisu (3aTs/3iTaas) 3iTis – yi3Tas (3aTs)
(a) sneeze ???? 3aTsa
to cough ??? – ???? (????) sa3ala – yas3ulu (su3aal) ??? – ???? (????) kaHH – yikoHH (koHHa)
(a) cough ???? su3la ???? kuHHa?
stuffed-up nose ??? ???? anf muzkam ?????? ?????? manaxiir masduuda
runny nose ?????? ????? manaxiir bitxorr
to vomit ????? – ?????? (?????) taqayyaa’ – yataqayyaa’ (taqayyu’) ????? – ????? (????) it’aaya – yit’aaya (mi’ayaah)
?????? – ?????? (???????) istafra?a – yastafri?u (istifraa?) ??? – ???? (????) Taraš – yiTruš (Turaaš)
???? – ????? (?????) ragga3 – yiragga3 (targii3)
prevention of ????? ?? wiqaaya min
to examine medically ??? – ???? (???) faHaSa – yafHaS (faHS) faHaS – yifHaS (faHS)
medical examination ??? (?) ???? faHS (pl.) fuHuuS
to measure ??? – ???? (????) qaasa – yaqiisu (qiyaas) ‘aas – yi’iis (i’yaas)
to inject ??? – ???? (???) Haqana – yaHqinu (Haqn) Ha’an – yiH’in (Ha’n)
shot, injection ??? (?) ??? Huqna (pl.) Huqan Hu’na (pl.) Hu’an
???? (?) ??? ibra (pl.) ibar
to sterilize ??? – ???? (?????) 3aqqama – yu3aqqimu (ta3qiim) 3aqqam – yia3aqqam (ta3qiim)
to diagnose ???? – ????? (?????) šaxxaSa – yušaxxiSu (tašxiiS) šaxxaS – yišaxxaS (tašxiiS)
to prescribe ??? – ??? (????) waSafa – yaSifu (waSfa) waSaf – yiSif (waSfa)
prescription ???? (?) ????? waSfa (pl.) waSafaat ????? (?) ?????? rušitta (pl.) rušittaat
to treat (an illness) ???? – ????? (??????) 3aalaja – yu3aaliju (mu3aalaja) 3aalig – yi3aalig (3ilaag)
to cure (a disease) ??? – ???? (????) šafa – yašfi (šifaa’) ??? – ???? (???) šafa – yišfi (šifa)
to get better ????? – ????? (?????) taHassana – yataHassanu (taHassun) ????? – ????? (????) itHassin – yitHassin (taHassun)

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Dr. Richel’s heart is in public and community health. Following his specialty training in Internal Medicine he has worked with numerous government hospitals in the Philippines advocating healthy lifestyle practices and the politics of upgrading the quality of care among government hospitals. He focuses much of his attention on the minority and underserved populations of his community, while providing health education and promoting good health and wellness through preventive health practices. Presently, he serves as an ER physician in a Medical Center in Saudi Arabia and provides BLS-ACLS trainings. Dr. Richel is a man of many talents as a photographic artist, videographer, webmaster, blogger, lecturer and physician. He is a physician by training but largely a photographer by passion. He has traveled much of the world gathering many photos of his experiences. From this trip he has created different websites containing his photography collection. He says the primary intention of his photography simply involves, "Sharing the world with the world, one photo at a time."

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